General Overview Of Hajj

"Hajj (pilgrimage) is the religious high point of Muslim's life and a journey that every Muslim dreams of making because it is one of the pillars of Islam that Allah sent Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) with. Hajj should be undertaken once in a Muslim's lifetime, providing health and means permit. While 'Umrah', the lesser pilgrimage can be undertaken at any time of the year. The duty of Hajj is obligatory as the religion of Muslim is incomplete without it. Hajj is usually performed during a five-day period from the ninth through the thirteenth of Dhul Al-Hijjah, the twelfth month of the Muslim lunar calendar".

Frequently Asked Questions on Hajj

Answer: Hajj is a pilgrimage which Muslims pay to the House of Allah in Mecca in the state of Ihram. Moreover, during this pilgrimage the major activities which pilgrims do are Wuquf at Arafat and Tawaf at Kaabah, whilst staying within the defined laws.
Answer: Umrah is the pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca that can be performed at anytime of the year. It is usually referred to as the ‘minor or lesser pilgrimage’. Performing Umrah is highly recommended in Islam as it is an act of worshipping and acknowledging the most gracious Allah.
Answer: An adult (male and female) Muslim of a sane mind, an able body that have means to bear the expenses. Hajj is not obligatory for children, the sick and those who cannot bear the costs.
Answer: Hajj is one of the pillars of Islam.
Allah says in the Qur'an:
"And pilgrimage to the House is a duty unto Allah for mankind, for him who can find a way thither" [Q3: 97].
Prophet (p.b.u.h) said:
"he who performs the pilgrimage without indulging in vain talk or committing any default will return from the pilgrimage as pure as he was on the day his mother bore him" (Bukhari and Muslim).
Muslim scholars are unanimously agreed that Hajj is obligatory once in a lifetime for those eligible.
As for Umrah, Muslim scholars disagree whether it is obligatory or merely a recommended Sunnah. However, it is better to perform it in order to be on the safe side.

Answer: There are three modes of Hajj: Ifrad, Qiran and Tamatu’

i. Ifrad: This involves performing the rituals of Hajj only.

ii. Qiran: This involves combining Umrah and Hajj, with only one intention (Niyyah) and Ihram for both.

iii. Tamatu’: This method involves a complete Umrah and complete Hajj, each separated from the other. This means a pilgrim performs Umrah during the months of Hajj (the months being tenth, eleventh and twelfth month of Islamic lunar calendar), usually a few days before the Hajj is due to start.

Answer: Ihram refers to wearing an unstitched seamless sheet of cloth over the body once pilgrim is at the Miqat (station of Ihram) and makes the intention of performing Hajj. A woman may wear any dress for Ihram as long as it does not resemble the men’s clothing, show her adornments or cause temptation to men.

Answer: Tawaf refers to circling around Kaabah (House of Allah) beginning from the black stone and then back to it. For Hajj, the Tawaf needs to be performed seven times.

Answer: Sa'ee means "Trying" and being a ritual of Hajj, it means to a pilgrim marching from Safa hill to Marwa hill. It is done in commemoration of Hajar, wife of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) who searched for water while running between these two hills so that she could give water to her son, Ismaeel (AS).

Answer: Wuquf refers to when the pilgrims stay at the Plain of Arafat from noon to sunset of the 9th of Dhul Hijjah, and if this is not performed the Hajj can’t be completed.

Answer: Once a pilgrim wears Ihram and makes the intention of performing Hajj, there are certain things which become unlawful for that person. The things that are unlawful in such condition are as follows:
  • • Having sexual intercourse not even its preliminaries
  • • Hunting or taking part in anything related to hunting of animals
  • • Cutting of nails, or shaving of head or facial hairs
  • • Covering of head in any way
  • • Use of socks or gloves for any reason
  • • Wearing any kind of stitched clothes even no underwear is allowed
  • • Wearing any kind of perfume or deodorant

Questions and Answers on Hady (Sacrificial Animal) at Hajj

Answer: Hady refers to the sacrificial animals that pilgrims performing Hajj offer for Allah’s sake in the Haram (Makkah) between 10 th and 13 th of Dhul-Hijjah. It is also a means of expressing gratitude for having been granted the ability to undertake Hajj and Umrah in the same journey.
Answer: Hady is carried out in remembrance of the Prophet Ibrahim (ASW) willingness to sacrifice his son Ismail (ASW) at Allah's command. As he was preparing sacrifice his son, a sacrificial animal was provided as a substitute at the last moment.
Answer: Allah said: "And whosoever performs the Umrah in the months of Hajj, before performing the Hajj, (i.e. Tamattu and Qiraan) must sacrifice a Hady such as is easy (i.e. that you can afford..." (Q2: 196). As for the Hadith, Anas bin Malik narrated that Ali came to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) from Yemen (to Mecca). The Prophet asked Ali, "With what intention have you assumed Ihraam?" Ali replied, "I have assumed Ihram with the same intention as that of the Prophet." The Prophet said, "If I had not the Hady with me I would have finished the Ihraam." Muhammad bin Bakr narrated extra from Ibn Juraij, "The Prophet said to Ali, "With what intention have you assumed the Ihram, O Ali?" He replied, "With the same (intention) as that of the Prophet." The Prophet said, "Have a Hady and keep your Ihraam as it is."
Answer: The Mustahab Hady is that which is sacrificed by a person performing Ifraad (doing Hajj on its own, with no Umrah beforehand), while the Wajib Hady is for the people performing Qiraan (entering Ihraam for Umrah and Hajj, and remaining in Ihraam until all rituals have been completed) and Tamattu (entering Ihraam for Umrah, then entering Ihraam for Hajj).
Answer: Hady is obligatory when there is a reason for it, such as performing Tamattu’ or Qiraan Hajj.
Answer: Hady refers to the sacrifice offered by Hajj pilgrims in Makkah while Udhiyah refers to the sacrifice offered by non-pilgrims during Eid-el Adha. For Fidyah, it is a means of compensation. The Fidyah sacrifice is performed by pilgrims who misses an obligatory of rites of Hajj or violates an Ihraam restrictions during the state of Ihraam or commits a crime within the Sacred of Haram while in the state of Ihraam.

Answer: There are three kinds of Hady in Hajj:

1. The Hady offered by the pilgrim in the Tamattu, or in the Qiraan Hajj. In these forms of Hajj, a pilgrim is obligated to slaughter a Hady, provided that his household is not in the precincts of the Sacred Mosque.

2.The Hady of Ihsar (being prevented from completing Hajj). A pilgrim, who was prevented from completing Hajj due to an illness, or an enemy hindered him from going to the Haram, is required to slaughter a Hady from wherever he is, shave or trim his head and come out from the state of Ihram. Allah, the Almighty says: "And complete the Hajj or Umrah in the service of God. But if you are prevented from completing it, then (offer) what can be obtained with ease of sacrificial animals. And do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached its place of slaughter" (Q 2: 196).

3.The Hady of Tatawo (Charity Hady). It is from Sunnah that this Hady is qiven as a charity to the poor people of Mecca. Allah, the Almighty says: "And the camels, We have made them of the signs appointed by Allah for you -- for you therein is much good. So mention the name of Allah on them standing in a row. Then when they fall down on their sides, eat of them and feed the contented one and the beggar. Thus have We made them subservient to you that you may be grateful" (Q22: 36).

Answer: The sacrificial animals (Hady) of Hajj are Sheep, Goat, Camel and Cow (in case of Camel and Cow, seven people can share equally).

Answer: The conditions are as follows;

1) The animal must be old enough a Camel should be at least five (5) years old a Cow should be two (2) years old a Goat should be six (6) months old if it is fat and or healthy.

2) The animal must be free of any defects, because the Prophet (pbuh) said: "There are four that will not be suitable for sacrifice: a one-eyed animal whose defect is obvious, a sick animal whose sickness is noticeable, a lame animal whose limp is evident and an emaciated animal that has no marrow in its bones" (Saheeh al-Jaamil).

Answer: Proper time for slaughtering the Hady is on 10 th Dhul-Hijjah after Ramy (throwing stones at Jamarat at Mina) or up to three (3) days after i.e. 11 th , 12 th and 13 th Dhul-Hijjah, which are called the days of Tashriq (which means to cut meat into pieces for drying, which was traditional way of preserving meat which could not be eaten right away).
Answer: Hady is recommended to perform in Mina or Makkah according to the Hadith. Prophet said: "All of Mina is a place of sacrifice. Every road of Makkah is a thoroughfare and a place of sacrifice. All of Arafat is the place of standing, and all of Muzdalifah is a place of standing" (Abu Dawud).
Answer: The pilgrim slaughtering the Hady, is required to recite "Bismillahi Wallahu Akbar" (In the name of Allah, Allah is the greatest). After the sacrifice, pilgrim recites: "Bismillah, Allahumma Taqabbal min Muhammadin wa Al-i-Muhammadin, wa min Ummati Muhammadin (In the name of Allah, "O Allah, accept this sacrifice on behalf of Muhammad and the family of Muhammad and the Ummah of Muhammad (Muslim).
Answer: Yes, there is, whoever performs Tamattu is permitted to fast ten (10) days. Allah said: “... but if he cannot (afford it), he should fast three (3) days during Hajj and seven (7) days after his return (to his home), making ten days in all” (Q2: 196).
Answer: Yes, it is permissible, pilgrim can eat from the Hady meat and distribute it anyway he/she wishes, regardless of whether the one pilgrim feeds is rich or poor. It is Mustahab that pilgrim eats one-third, gives one-third in Sadaqah (charity), and gives the remaining one-third to family and neighbours.
Answer: Yes, any pilgrim who performs Tamattu' is liable to slaughter a sacrifice if he/she is able. If he/she cannot, he/she should fast three (3) days in Hajj and seven (7) days when he/she returns to his/her family. This applies to adults as well as children. As for children, their guardian should fast on their behalf.
Answer: No, majority of scholars are of the opinion that early slaughtering does not fulfil the obligation. Therefore, the pilgrim should slaughter on the day of An-Nahr to conform to the Sunnah and stay away from the difference of opinions among scholars.
Answer: There is nothing wrong with that, because, when the Prophet (pbuh) was asked about this, he said: "There is no sin (in that); there is no sin".
Answer: Yes, a trusted entity which is recommended and accredited by people of knowledge and experience can slaughter the sacrificial animal on pilgrim's behalf. Therefore, what the pilgrim did is valid and clears his/her obligation.

Allah knows best.

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