"Hajj (pilgrimage) is the religious high point of Muslim's life and a journey that every Muslim dreams of making because it is one of the pillars of Islam that Allah sent Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) with. Hajj should be undertaken once in a Muslim's lifetime, providing health and means permit. While 'Umrah', the lesser pilgrimage can be undertaken at any time of the year. The duty of Hajj is obligatory as the religion of Muslim is incomplete without it. Hajj is usually performed during a five-day period from the ninth through the thirteenth of Dhul Al-Hijjah, the twelfth month of the Muslim lunar calendar".
Answer: There are three modes of Hajj: Ifrad, Qiran and Tamatu’
i. Ifrad: This involves performing the rituals of Hajj only.
ii. Qiran: This involves combining Umrah and Hajj, with only one intention (Niyyah) and Ihram for both.
iii. Tamatu’: This method involves a complete Umrah and complete Hajj, each separated from the other. This means a pilgrim performs Umrah during the months of Hajj (the months being tenth, eleventh and twelfth month of Islamic lunar calendar), usually a few days before the Hajj is due to start.
Answer: Tawaf refers to circling around Kaabah (House of Allah) beginning from the black stone and then back to it. For Hajj, the Tawaf needs to be performed seven times.
Answer: Wuquf refers to when the pilgrims stay at the Plain of Arafat from noon to sunset of the 9th of Dhul Hijjah, and if this is not performed the Hajj can’t be completed.
Answer: There are three kinds of Hady in Hajj:
1. The Hady offered by the pilgrim in the Tamattu, or in the Qiraan Hajj. In these forms of Hajj, a pilgrim is obligated to slaughter a Hady, provided that his household is not in the precincts of the Sacred Mosque.
2.The Hady of Ihsar (being prevented from completing Hajj). A pilgrim, who was prevented from completing Hajj due to an illness, or an enemy hindered him from going to the Haram, is required to slaughter a Hady from wherever he is, shave or trim his head and come out from the state of Ihram. Allah, the Almighty says: "And complete the Hajj or Umrah in the service of God. But if you are prevented from completing it, then (offer) what can be obtained with ease of sacrificial animals. And do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached its place of slaughter" (Q 2: 196).
3.The Hady of Tatawo (Charity Hady). It is from Sunnah that this Hady is qiven as a charity to the poor people of Mecca. Allah, the Almighty says: "And the camels, We have made them of the signs appointed by Allah for you -- for you therein is much good. So mention the name of Allah on them standing in a row. Then when they fall down on their sides, eat of them and feed the contented one and the beggar. Thus have We made them subservient to you that you may be grateful" (Q22: 36).
Answer: The conditions are as follows;
1) The animal must be old enough a Camel should be at least five (5) years old a Cow should be two (2) years old a Goat should be six (6) months old if it is fat and or healthy.
2) The animal must be free of any defects, because the Prophet (pbuh) said: "There are four that will not be suitable for sacrifice: a one-eyed animal whose defect is obvious, a sick animal whose sickness is noticeable, a lame animal whose limp is evident and an emaciated animal that has no marrow in its bones" (Saheeh al-Jaamil).
Allah knows best.